Please find enclosed many helpful instructional videos in Gemology
Please remember that while testing stones at home and not under the direct guidance of a Graduate Gemologist, GG, even the slightest, smallest miscalculation, overlook of treatment considerations, can throw off your testing & analysis entirely. For that reason, it is recommended to test stones with time, hyper carefully and with all index treatments considered, via hardness additionally, in full entire composition and all gemological factors calculated in equation. A good start up point is always hardness. This way you are able to via Mohs scale gem family group limit choice alternatives.
In clarities, please remember that only Diamonds are examined top to bottom, vise versa and side to side. Color gemstones are examined, in clarity, only from top to bottom in gemology. Below helpful instructional videos in addition to more in depth help pages provided.